Good care for the horse is the basis for the satisfaction of this noble animal and its owner. What are the methods and procedures for caring for horses? Mostly this is regular cleaning of the mane, bathing, grazing, and feeding with appropriate food, examination by a veterinarian, and the like. We have prepared for you the most important facts that you should know if you own a horse or plan to purchase it.
If you want to do horse jobs then make sure to know the process of taking care of horses. The conditions of stay will affect their state of health and appearance; this will also directly affect the effectiveness of your business. Be sure to follow the main rules so that the livestock grows healthy, and you can receive the desired income.
Horse care includes the need to:
- create appropriate conditions for the living of horses: build a stable and provide places where the animal walk is possible;
- choose the right food and plan the feeding regimen;
- clean animals and shoe them;
- ensure professional veterinary control.
Rules for keeping horses: hygienic and healthy
In horse jobs maintaining the health condition of horses is the primary goal. It is important to care for the horse throughout its life. It needs to be cleaned and bathed, in particular – to clean the hooves. If you follow all the basic rules of animal care, the reward will be happy and healthy horses.
Cleaning and bathing a horse
Cleaning the coat is the basis of appropriate care for horses. If neglected, ticks and lice can parasitize, which is very dangerous for horses. The horse will be nervous, and there may also be traces of blood. Therefore, regular cleaning is necessary daily. This not only improves the appearance of the horse but also acts as a massage and aid in the blood supply to the skin and muscles.
Caring for horses involves the availability of appropriate equipment. Common cleaning products can be varied and include a special brush, sponge, comb, hoof hook, hoof oil, and the like. Usually, these and other cleaning products for horses are easy to find in online stores.
One of the most important care procedures is cleaning the hooves; it should be carried out at least twice a day. The first, during the morning inspection of the horse regardless of whether it will work or not, and the second – after bringing it to the stable. The morning operation should remove straw fertilizer from the hooves, and in case of repeated contamination, also check their condition.
Installing a horseshoe in our time is a common thing. They have not only a protective function, but often also a therapeutic one. Hooves can rupture and deform, so you need to treat these affected parts frequently. A special form of the horseshoe can usually alleviate the condition of horses during a walk and help them heal these wounds.
Today, horseshoes vary according to the use of the horse. Smooth and light are especially suitable for racing horses, and the work of horses – strong and heavy horseshoes.
For prevention, the following steps must follow:
- Vaccinate your horses to fight aginst against influenza, tetanus, herpes virus;
- Blood sampling smears for infectious metritis;
- A program for diagnosing helminths, examinations, etc.
The place for keeping horses
To assess the well-being of farm animals the following main criteria can be adhered to:
- Constant access of animals to water (in the handle, on the stand, on the pen, and the pasture);
- The optimal size of the room;
- Proper ventilation and lighting of livestock buildings;
- Proper collection, storage, and disposal of manure and the like.
Stable Equipment Requirements
For a comfortable and healthy life horses need light and clean air. Therefore, the stable should be high (3.5-4 m), well-lit and well ventilated. Lighting requirements (window-to-floor ratio) for older horses are 1:15, and for pedigree and young horses up to 1 year 1:10. Keep stallions and mares separately if they are older than one year.
In the room for horses there should be such requirements for the microclimate:
- The concentration of carbon dioxide should not exceed 3000 ppm, hydrogen sulphide – 5 ppm, and ammonia – 20 ppm.
- Air humidity should not exceed 80% and air movement – 0.3 m / s.
- A stable temperature should be above 5 ° C.
So hope this article helps you to do your horse jobs more perfectly. To know more information like this stay tuned with us, and don’t forget to share your views on it with us!